Folk Art

Folk Art

The beauty of any painting comes with a story behind the art form. “Unity is diversity”- these are not just word , but sometimes that are highly applicable to a country like india that is incredibly colorful, rich and unique in culture and heritage from the times of Maurya’s , cholas and Mughal to the period of British empire ,india has always been famous for its tradition and culture and home of many art form. Indian civilization is the one of the oldest face of on the earth. There are immense number of changes took place in our own culture noticeably in past 1000 years or so but in some part of india this folk art still alive. It was only during the 20th century that Indian folk art slowly emerged as subject of study and appreciation; before this Era ,only Mughal painting was appreciated in india.

Folk art painting is basically culture of people which defines peoples way of life, how they dress , the type of food they eat , the manner in which they worship or so on. And for these folk art painting usually deals with natural color which they make from leaves , herbs ,flowers as their canvas or cloth to paint on.

Here are some folk art painting types or art form that are still practiced

1. Warli painting -warli is the beautiful folk art of Maharashtra , traditionally created by tribal women’s or adivasi from the costal region in and around the border. Warali painting is a style of tribal art which is now seen on upholstery,fabric and wallpaper but before they use to decorate their house by these type of painting on their cow dung- clad wall of their houses as they lives in hamlets of thatched mud huts and the exclusivity of the art form is that it is made of mixture of rice, natural glue, and bamboo stick (they chewed and serve as brush). This warali figures painted in white on red ochre wall. It is not just art form but the way of life for the warali tribal.

2.Patachita (patua)- This form of artwork was first conceptualized in the village of ‘puri’, Orissa India ,where these art work are still popular.  These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by lord Jagannath and also painting adorn the stories of epic Ramayana and the mahabharat. In Sanskrit, patachitra literally means cloth painting; ‘pata’ (cloth or canvas) ,’Chitra'(painting). The traditional method are used to prepare the background and locally made stone colors are applied on the base with very fine outlines.

3. Miniature painting- Miniature painting is basically Persian art form, which reached it’s glory during the Mughals times in India. These are the beautiful hand-made paintings which are quite small but colorful and executed on a very small scale for books ,albums on paper or cloth. The Palas of bengal were the pioneers of miniature painting in India and evolution of this art is started in western Himalayas around 17th century. Many paintings are from Sanskrit and folk literature.

4. Tanjore art- Tanjore or thanavur painting is the ancient art of south india. Originated in tanjavur about 300km from chennai and thus got its name. This form of art developed at height of cultural evolvement archived during the rule of cholas empire. These painting consist of theme on Hindu god and goddess with figures of lord Krishna and his life & paintings are famous for their brilliant color and decorative jewelry with stones, cut glasses and remarkable gold leaf work. Traditionally rubies, real diamond and other precious stone were used to make tanjore painting, this give life to the picture such that the picture come alive.

5. Kalighat painting (Bengal Pat painting)- kalighat is Bengal most popular art form that is inspired by religious and mythological character as well as civil life Which is migrated from rural Bengal to city of Calcutta in 19th century. These painting done on crud hand made paper ,on cloth or patas. These painting were basically line drawing, the outline of which were made in bold, single stoke with a brush.

6. Madhubani painting- Famous art form of northern part of Bihar mostly practiced in Mithila, according to history the origin of this art goes back to Ramayan era; when on the occasion of sita’s marriage his father raja janaka arranged large number of artist to decorate entire kingdom with this unique art. These painting traditionally done on freshly plastered mud wall and floor of huts but now they are also done on cloth, handmade paper or canvas basically they are using fingers and twigs as well as match sticks and pen nibs in modern days. Usually bright color are used in these painting with an outline made from rice past and generally no space is left empty, the gap are filled by painting of flowers,animals,birds and even geometric design and also these painting has five distinctive style namely; bharni, katchni, tantrik, godna and kohbar.

7. Gond art- the unique art from the gond tribal mainly found in Madhya Pradesh and surrounding state. The word gond comes from kond , which means green mountain in the dravidin idiom. This art form created by putting together dot and lines, the lines are used in such way that it convey a sense of movement to the still image and dots are added to greater sense of movement and also increase the amount of details. they paint their wall with vibrant depiction of local flora,fauna and gods such as marahi devi and phulavi devi (godess kali) for this they use natural color from charcoal, colored soil, plant sap, leaves and cow dung. These painting traditionally made on festival such as karwa chauth, diwali, ashtami, and nag panchami. Gond art comes with belief that a good image brings good luck.

8. Kalamkari painting- kalamkari is an ancient style painting of andrà Pradesh done on cotton or silk fabric with tamarind pen and they use natural dyes and vibrant vegetables color. These type of art form now a days is seen on different products like saree , hand towel, wall painting, prayer rugs, wrapper, bed cover, dress materials and motifs drawn in kalamkari spans from flower, peacock, paisley to driven character of hindu epic of ramayana and mahabharata. The origin of the term comes from Persian word were; kalam means pen and kari means craftsmanship.there are two most prominent center of kalamkari production are srikalahsti (chittoor district) and machilipatnam (krishna district ) in andrà Pradesh.

9. Cheriyal scroll painting- Famous version of nakshi art of ‘cheriyal’ small village in warangal district of Telangana state of india. It is believed to have been brought to india by mughal in 16th century. These painting have an a rich history and play important in the asian artistic tradition .These scroll are painted in narrative format similar to film roll or even comic strip and despict stories from Indian mythology related to puranas and epics, also used these form of painting for storytelling and entertain the audience along with it carries rich cultural history and heritage with it.

10. Phad paintings- Phad painting is religious scroll painting usually executed on canvas (15ftx 5ft) 0r (30ftx5ft) from Shahpura and Bhilwada from Rajasthan. This is the heridatery art form which is passed on from father to son. These painting are carried by the priest singer traditionally along with them, As these paintings are used for religious purpose it has its some special ways to do it. An auspicious day is chosen to start the painting and a virgin girl only has the privilege of giving the first stroke of the brush on the phad painting and for this painting only vegetable colors or earth colors are used also This art is more than 1000 hundred years old.

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